Read the sentences below:

What would you like for dinner? Pizza or a salad?

I think I would like a salad. It’s lighter than pizza.


Which movie did you like most? “Solace” or “Donnie Darko”?

I liked “Donnie Darko” most, it was more interesting than “Solace”.


♦ For short adjectives (one syllable or two-syllable words that end in -y) add –er to form the comparative.

short – shorter

big – bigger (we double the last consonant for words that end in consonant+vowel+consonant if the last syllable is stressed)

easy – easier (“y” changes in “i” when a word ends in a consonant + y  before the ending “-er”)

♦ For long adjectives (two syllables or more) we use more to form the comparative.

beautiful – more beautiful

expensive – more expensive


We also use more for adverbs that end in -ly such as:

slowly – more slowly

loudly – more loudly


Study the example below:

Mark is the tallest boy I have ever known.

Maria is the most beautiful girl in our class.

The superlative form is the + adjective + est for short adjectives or the + most + adjective for long adjectives.


A few adjectives are irregular:

good – better – the best

bad – worse – the worst

far – further – the furthest